Rowland Hazard III visits Swiss Psychoanalyst Carl Jung

The Year


Oxford Group the Root of Alcoholics Anonymous

 The origins of Alcoholics Anonymous can be traced to the Oxford Group, a religious movement popular in the United States and Europe in the early 20th century. Members of the Oxford Group practiced a formula of self-improvement by performing self-inventory, admitting wrongs, making amends, using prayer and meditation, and carrying the message to others. The Oxford Group was a non-secular organization and promoted religious and spiritual ideals amongst its members. Founded by an American Christian missionary, Frank Buchman, who promoted the idea of surrendering one’s life over to God’s plan. This idea is central to the 12-step program adopted by Alcoholics Anonymous.

Rowland Hazard III visits Swiss Psychoanalyst Carl Jung

  In 1932, a prominent Rhode Islander, Rowland H., visited the noted Swiss psychoanalyst Carl Jung for help with his alcoholism. Jung determined that Rowland’s case was medically hopeless, and that he could only find relief through a vital spiritual experience. Jung directed him to the Oxford Group.
Rowland Hazard III
  Rowland eventually stopped drinking alcohol after reading the book "For Sinners Only" by A.J. Russel. This book tells of the Oxford Group Movement and of its human founder, Dr. F. N. D. Buchman.
Rowland Hazard  the Beginnings of A.A.
Carl Jung
 "I am strongly convinced that the evil principle prevailing in this world, leads the unrecognized spiritual need into perdition, if it is not counteracted either by real religious insight or by the protective wall of human community. An ordinary man, not protected by an action from above and isolated in society cannot resist the power of evil, which is called very aptly the Devil. But the use of such words arouse as many mistakes that one can only keep aloof from them as much as possible. " — Carl Jung.
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