New York A.A.'s Separate from the Oxford Group

The Year


New York A.A.'s Separate from the Oxford Group

 In 1937, Bill W.'s efforts in working only with alcoholics were criticized by New York Oxford Group members. Similarly, in Akron, T. Henry and Clarace Williams were criticized as well by Oxford Group members who were not supportive of their efforts being extended primarily to alcoholics.

 In 1937, Frank Buchman and the Oxford Group experienced an international public relations disaster.

 A NY World Telegram article by William H. Birnie, quoted Buchman as saying, “I thank heaven for a man like Adolph Hitler, who built a front-line of defense against the anti-Christ of Communism.”

Above: Frank Buchman
 Although the remark was taken out of context in its reporting, it would plague Buchman’s reputation for many years. It marked the beginning of the decline of the Oxford Group.

 Late spring in 1937, leaders of the Oxford Group at the Calvary Mission ordered alcoholics staying there not to attend meetings at Clinton St.

 Bill W. and Lois were criticized by the Oxford Group members for having “drunks only” meetings at their home.

 The Wilson’s were described as “not maximum” (an Oxford Group term for those believed to be lagging in their devotion to Oxford Group principles).

 August, Bill and Lois stopped attending Oxford Group meetings. The NY AA's separated from the Oxford Group. The Oxford Group was re-named Moral Re-Armament in 1938.
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